Nursing Master’s and Doctoral Degrees
You always see nurses when you visit the doctor’s office. They might check you in for an appointment or collect diagnostic samples or data before the doctor appears. However, nurses perform many more functions in healthcare than might be commonly perceived. Nurses work in the ER to help stabilize trauma victims, they work in a wide range of surgical theaters, and their specialties are as vast as doctors.
For that reason, nurses often seek graduate degrees to further their careers into specialty areas such as pediatrics, cardiology, or oncology, among many others. If you achieve a master's degree, you can work as a nurse practitioner and run a clinic, under the license of a medical doctor of course. With a doctoral degree you can continue working as a clinician or you might shift into research and the academic life.
Nursing Degrees & Career Paths
Difference between a Master’s and Doctorate Nursing Degree
One of the chief distinctions between MSN and doctoral nursing degrees is their relative emphasis on the clinical side of nursing. The MSN and its related certifications all focus on the practice of nursing and medicine. Along the way to your graduate degree, you will spend time in clinic, practicing skills and applying knowledge from class.
Once you move onto the doctoral level, you are less likely to spend as much time in the clinic. Rather, you might move into a more administrative position, where you will guide clinical practice according to your expert knowledge and assessment of research. Other doctoral nursing degree holders work in research labs to help advance patient care. However, DNP nurses tend to remain in the clinical sphere where their deep understanding of research informs their nursing practice.Read More
At any level, and any advanced nursing degree, you will be able to focus on the specific area that most appeals to you. It seems that a graduate nursing degree might allow more options, especially insofar as it allows you to become a Nurse Practitioner. However, your MSN will keep you in the clinical sphere.
With a doctoral nursing degree, you can pursue the pure science behind nursing. A Ph.D. or DNSc nursing degree will involve more scientific knowledge and application. If you still love working in hospitals and seeing patients, the DNSc allows you to apply current research to specific procedures in your clinic. The DNSc is thus a bridge between clinical nursing and hospital administration.
Requirements to enter a Master’s or Doctoral Nursing Degree program
To enter a Master's or Doctoral nursing program, a primary requirement is an RN license. With this credential, you can enter an RN-to-MSN program. To gain admission, you will likely need to take a certain number of undergraduate credits in nursing or related coursework. Your program might also want to see that you have completed a certain number of hours working as a nurse.
To enter a doctoral program, you might assume that you need an MSN to apply, but that is not necessarily so. Some programs only require a BSN and a few graduate level courses, such as statistics and nursing research. You should also have excellent test scores on the Graduate Record Exam (GRE) and stellar academic transcripts. Your program will likely want to see that your RN license is valid for their specific state. You should also be prepared to sit for an interview and provide letters of recommendation, among other requirements.
Important Questions to Ask
How long does it take to earn a Master’s or Doctoral Degree in Nursing?
To complete either an MSN or Doctoral degree in Nursing, you should anticipate spending at least three years working towards each degree. Some programs even include work over the summer, which you should not overlook. That is, even if the summer schedule only calls for one course, discuss taking multiple courses so that you're ahead for graduation.
The likelihood that you will graduate on-time largely depends on you. While government statistics for undergraduate graduation rates are not overly hopeful, with most either not graduating or taking longer than six years for a four-year program, if you are passionate and determined you can beat any odds.
While school is expensive and your family may have demands, do your best to attend classes on a full-time basis. After all, your education is a ticket to higher salaries and a happier professional life. Try to set aside momentary concerns in favor of your long-term goals.
- Nurse as a Scholar
- Population Health
- Advanced Nursing Practice
- Development of Nursing Knowledge
- Biostatistics Methods
- Qualitative Research Methods
- Doctoral Seminar
Available Master’s and Doctoral Nursing Degrees and Certificates
- Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)
An MSN is a degree that opens up your nursing practice and takes your career to the next level. During your graduate work, you can choose a major focus from a wide range of fields including Psychiatry, Nursing Education, Healthcare Informatics, and Gerontology, among others. Along the way you will need to take the core curriculum as required by your program. You will likely need to complete clinical hours to put your academic knowledge into action. Many programs allow you to add specialized certificates to your degree.
Post-Master’s Nurse Practitioner Certificate
Since rural areas are losing access to hospitals and doctors are moving away, nurse practitioners are in high demand. After you graduate with your MSN, you can return to gain certification as a Nurse Practitioner. You can choose areas such as Family Nurse Practitioner, Adult-Gerontology, Emergency Nurse Practitioner, Psychiatry, or Pediatrics, among many other options. There are several certification boards, one of which will have the certification you need. These boards include, but are not limited to:
- American Academy of Nurse Practitioners National Certification Board (AANPCB)
- American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)
- American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)
- Pediatric Nursing Certification Board (PNCB)
- National Certification Corporation (NCC)
- Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
This degree choice will likely be the last nursing degree you pursue. The DNP is a degree that is focused on practice. You will be steeped in theory and research, but your goal will be to put that knowledge into practice in the clinical sphere. Thus, you might work on how to put scientific knowledge into effect by creating the procedures and policies that account for the scientific advances while also being mindful of practical realities. After all, who better than a nurse to understand what patients need and how to best introduce treatments to them.
- Doctor of Nursing Science (DNSc)
The DNSc is a degree that enables you to take a leadership role in your local hospital or clinic. Once you have this doctoral degree, you will help shape how your nurses implement treatments. IN this way, the degree bridges the gaps between scientific research, clinical application, and administrative oversight and regulation. Your wisdom will be shown time and time again when patients emerge from care intact and on the road to 100% recovery. You can even take your degree into the classroom where you can teach nursing students on how to implement research.
- Nursing PhD
This degree is a more of a purely academic credential in that it focuses on theory and research above clinical applications. You will become expert at creating studies that help design and test various nursing interventions. That is, your work will be in the laboratory, but the results of your efforts will go to create cutting-edge applications in the clinic. Most nurses who attain this degree remain in academia where they pursue research or teaching, or both. Keep in mind that the degree will not exclude you from clinical work but be aware that this academic path is intended to create researchers.
What options do you have for employment with an MSN?
Your Master of Science in Nursing degree will help you pave the way to a bright future. You can tailor your education so that your resume opens the doors that interest you the most. You might choose one of the many Nurse Practitioner options including Pediatrics, Family Nursing, Adult-Gerontology, or Mental Health.
Your MSN can also focus in non-NP fields. You might have a head for numbers, computers, and analysis. Thus, you can go into Healthcare Informatics. You could also focus on Nurse Education and build a career dedicated to creating future generations of nursing professionals. Another option, among many, is Nursing or Healthcare Leadership, which would propel you into healthcare management.
Your graduate degree naturally prepares you for advanced practice nursing. Depending on your program, you could delve into areas such as cardiology, endocrinology, HIV, Pediatric Mental Health, Oncology, or Orthopedics. If you don't find your passion in the options above, there is sure to be a program out there that will provide you with the training and accredited credentials on which to build a strong career.
If you are a nurse with a higher-level degree, such as a Master of Science in Nursing or a Doctoral nursing degree, your job prospects are quite strong indeed. The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that nurses at the master's degree level, particularly those who work in anesthesiology, midwifery, or as Nurse Practitioners, should expect their field to grow by 31% through 2026. This is much faster than the average occupational growth rate. Additionally, the median salary for these advance practice nurses was $113,930 in 2018. You should expect a similar or greater salary if you are in a different specialty area or if you have special experience upon being hired.
What are Your Options to Advance?
When you have an advanced degree in nursing, you can grow your career in a variety of ways. For instance, you might decide to delve deep into your clinical practice and gain status through your experience. Another way to advance is to move into healthcare administration or management.
Nurse Practitioners might take the opportunity to operate a clinic of their very own. While the laws of your state might require that you work under the licensure of a medical doctor, you could perhaps have a vested business interest in the establishment. In fact, this may be more and more prevalent in rural areas that have been all but abandoned by the large hospital corporations who have sought higher profits elsewhere.
If you pursue a Ph.D., your career can move in the direction of research, which can mean that you work for a private healthcare concern or an educational institution. It might pay more to work for a private concern, but it's important to weigh the options. For instance, if you work in higher education, you could pursue a tenure track position that not only pays well but which offers long-term job stability.