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Radiology technicians perform the essential medical function of taking images of patients to diagnose medical conditions. The images use X-ray technology and magnetic resonance imaging to provide detailed information about a patient’s condition.

Radiology technicians must usually work closely with patients to understand their situation and to apply the medical orders for imaging or testing. Radiology technicians must be licensed in some states to perform specific types of examinations and operate designated types of imaging equipment. State requirements can vary, but in most places the minimum requirement for education and training is an associate degree or equivalent type of certification.


Components of A Successful Radiology Technician Career

Radiology technicians may have to work long hours, move frequently, and stand for long periods. They will have to physically assist patients and offer emotional support. The job requires precision and attention to details including accurate reporting. It is a rewarding career of service to others, and it can be a physically demanding type of work.

Continuing education: Radiology Technicians must keep up with the latest innovations and changes in treatment protocols. They must always act in the patient’s best interest and provide safe and effective use of x-ray and other imaging machinery.

Time management: The technical capacity for diagnosis can be a scarce resource particularly in high demand locations like hospital emergency rooms. The x-ray and other diagnostics are essential to proper diagnosis for many patients and medical conditions. Time management is essential for prompt patient care.

Communication skills: Technicians must communicate clearly both in written forms like medical notes and in oral form as they make reports and get instructions. Patients need reassurance as well as technical information about their procedures.

Empathy: Radiology technicians must often work with patients that have illness, disease, or pain. These conditions cause physical and emotional stress. The technician must be aware of these factors and attempt to understand the patient’s needs.

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What Does A Radiology Tech Do?

  • Complete High school or GED with some coursework in math and science.
  • Select an accredited vocational school, community college, or college to study radiology.
  • Complete an associate degree in radiology.
  • Get experience both as a student and as a graduate; internships or other similar placements will provide a basis of hands-on experience.
  • Get a job as a radiology technician.
  • Get an online bachelor’s degree in radiology. The online bachelor’s degree is the full entry educational requirement for radiology fields including technician, radiology assistant, radiology technologist.

radiology_technician_do A radiology technician works with patients and radiograph machines. The technician helps produce clear and precise images for use by medical doctors and other medical professionals. In a hospital or clinic settings, the radiologist technicians work directly with patients. The technician can explain the procedure to the patient and the steps needed for an accurate image. The technician must make the patient feel safe and protected in the use of radiation and must position the patient to achieve precise and clear images.

High school students seeking to prepare for college or trade school education in radiology should take science, computer, and math courses. Technician students will benefit from taking classes in math, biology, chemistry, and physics.

Typical Radiology Tech Certifications Needed

Radiology technologists need professional certifications, and, in most states, they must have a license. Radiology technicians do not need a certification or a license. Students can use the technician certificate to demonstrate skills and knowledge. The certification program is a faster way to qualify than a two-year degree. Schools offer certifications in a wide range of costs and the time required can range from 6-18 months.

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Academic Standards for a Degree or Certification

The certification process is a faster way to enter the radiology technician field. Students can complete the typical certificate program in about one year. Students still benefit from a period of internship or other hands-on supervised practice. The Associate of Science in radiology is a two-year degree program that consists of approximately 60-70 credit hours. The online bachelor’s level radiology technician degree is a four-year degree that involves general education, radiology training, and internships. Many bachelor level courses offer some opportunity for a focus in one or more areas of radiology practice.

Exams and Experience Needed

There are no formal national exams for radiology technician positions. Most employers require some formal education including a certificate, a two-year degree, or a four-year bachelor’s degree. Master’s level study usually focuses on one or more area of advanced technologists’ practice such as oncology, nuclear medicine, or diagnostic medical sonography.

Radiology Technician Degree & Certification Options

University Headquarters recommends a careful review of options for education in the radiology technician field. While a certificate may offer a quicker path, the rewards in salary and career mobility of an associate or bachelor’s degree may add value to your educational investment. The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists offers meaningful certifications at all levels of radiology practice.

Typical Certificate Coursework for Radiology occupations:

  • Anatomy
  • Pathology
  • Patient Care
  • Medical Ethics
  • Radiation Physics and Protection
  • Image Evaluation

Typical Associate and Bachelor’s coursework for Radiology Occupations:

  • Anatomy
  • Biology
  • Radiology Theory
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • Patient Positioning
  • Patient Safety

Specialized courses:

  • Pathology
  • Radiation Physics
  • Medical Ethics.

Primary Types of Radiology Technician programs:

  • Radiologists are technician level professionals that states qualify by education, testing, and certifications. They work in various specialties like oncology, sonography, and diagnostics.
  • Radiology Technologists / Radiographer are terms that describe a technologist level radiology professional. A bachelor’s degree is the usual educational qualification along with certification by the ARRT.
  • Radiology Technicians are machine operator professionals that can have a certificate, associate degree, or bachelor’s degree qualification. With higher education, they get higher pay, more responsibility, and a wider range of permitted practice.
  • Ultrasound Technicians / Diagnostic Medical Sonographers are specialized machine operators that use sonograph enhanced imagery. This specialization requires certification and licensing in most states. The entry-level education is an associate degree, and a bachelor’s degree is the most common qualification with ARRT certification.
  • MRI Technician Is a specialized type of field that uses magnetic resonance technology for internal imaging. This requires ARRT certification plus an associate or bachelor’s degree. Most states license this field and require continuing education.
  • CT Tech / CAT Scan Technologist / CT Scan Technologist - Schools, universities, and community colleges offer certificate and associate degree programs in Computer Tomography and Computer Axial Tomography. Some courses limit applicants to licensed radiographers or radiology technologists.

Educational Costs

Occupation Certificate Associate Degree
CT Tech $1,750-$6,000 $3,500-$12,500
*CAT Scan Technologist ** $1,750-$6,000 $3,500-$12,500
*CT Scan Technologist ** $1,750-$6,000 $3,500-$12,500

* ARRT Exam and Certification costs for technologist certificates include application fee of $200.00

** States license Technologist in full or limited authority to practice in the field, many states use the ARRT exams to qualify applicants.

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Potential Careers & Salaries for Radiology Technician Graduates

Certificate programs offer a fast way to enter a radiology technician field. Technologists use certifications to enhance their education and skillset by adding new areas of practice. Radiology technicians that graduate from two-year institutions can apply all or part of their community college work towards a bachelor’s degree. They can qualify as technologists and gain substantially higher pay and a wider scope of practice.

Radiology Technician Median Salaries by Occupation

Occupation Entry-Level Mid-Career Late-Career
Radiologist $300,200 $358,500 $375,000
Radiology Technologists or Radiographer $41,609 $50,000 $60,600
Radiology Technicians $45,600 $51,700 $59,500
Ultrasound Technician or Diagnostic Medical Sonographer $50,183 $62,000 $69,000
MRI Technologist $55,800 $71,800 $81,000
CT Tech $50,500 $65,200 $69,300
CAT Scan Technologist $57,000 $67,400 $69,300
CT Scan Technologist $55,000 $67,900 $78,600

Important Questions to Ask (FAQ)

How long does it take to earn an Online Radiology Technician Degree or Certification?

A certificate program usually takes about one year. The range of available certificate programs runs from as little as six months to about one year. The online associate degree for radiology technicians takes about two years and usually includes some period of hands-on training in a hospital, clinic, or another healthcare setting.

How much does an online Radiology Technician Trade School Degree cost?

The costs of education depend on the degree or certificate and the school. Each institution sets the prices for their classes typically at a set fee per credit hour. Across the US there is a wide range of costs. The one-year certificate at an accredited school will range between $3,500 and $10,000; there may be a few schools with lower costs and a few with higher costs.

How many students graduate “on time,” in 12 months or 24 months?

Across the US, the distinct trend is towards longer attendance and not graduating on time. There are significant numbers of students that finish four-year programs in six years and two-year programs in three or more years. Many students attend part-time or take reduced course loads, and these situations cause longer attendance time frames. According to the NCES, the overall graduation rate for Associate degrees was 30% at the three-year mark.

What kind of accreditation does the online program hold? How is it regarded in the field?

University Headquarters recommends that students research their options to find accredited programs for the study of radiology technology. This advice applies to all levels of education including the associate degree, bachelor’s degree, and master’s degree. The Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT) is the leading accreditation agency.

Software, Technology & Skills Needed

Radiology technologists should be familiar with machinery and device controls. They must use computers and other electronic devices to find, store, and file data. They must work with institutional software systems to access information. Among the important skills are soft skills for getting along with colleagues, working in teams, and working with patients in sometimes difficult and stressful situations.

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Radiology Technician Trade School Scholarships

  • GMiS Scholarship Program
    Amount: U$500-$10,000
    Deadline: April 30

    The GMiS scholarship supports Hispanic heritage students and other under-represented group members. Applicants may qualify by demonstrating significant contributions to an underserved community. The award selects students that seek higher education in science, technology, mathematics, or a health-related field. Applicants must have a 3.0-grade point average or higher on a four-point scale. Recipients may be enrolled at a two-year or four-year institution; graduate students are eligible. Recipients must attend or plan to attend an accredited US-based college or university.

  • ExxonMobil Bernard Harris Math and Science Scholarships
    Amount: $5,000 (4 Awards)
    Deadline: Varies (Previously April 8)

    This scholarship program awards two scholarships to students of Hispanic descent and two awards to African American students. Applicants must be graduating seniors at a participating school district. The award supports students intending to enroll at a four-year accredited college or university. The applicants must commit to pursuing a STEM field; that definition includes healthcare technology. The selection criteria include academic achievement, leadership, and contributions to their communities.

  • United Health Foundation Louis Stokes Scholarship
    Amount: $5,000-$10,000 (4 Awards; renewable up to 4 years)
    Deadline: March 31

    Named for the founder of the Congressional Black Caucus, the Louis Stokes scholarship award supports African American students seeking to enter health fields. Applicants must be enrolled at an accredited US college or university with a minimum 3.0-grade point average on a four-point scale. Applicants must pursue a degree in a health-related field, and the field of radiology qualifies. Applicants must be US citizens or have permanent residency

  • Two Ten Higher Education Scholarship
    Amount: up to $4,000
    Deadline: Varies (Previously April 4)

    This is a needs-based scholarship intended for students or families with a work history in the footwear industry. Students must be enrolled or intend to enroll in a college, university, two-year college, or vocational school. Students must have and maintain a 2.5-grade point average or higher. The selection criteria include financial need, character, and academic performance.

  • Ora Lee Sanders – PUSH scholarship
    Amount: $2,500 (Renewable)
    Deadline: May 1

    The award is open to college students attending or planning to attend an accredited four-year institution in the US. The students may select any major and radiology would be an eligible selection. The award requires a 2.5-grade point average or higher. Students may renew their awards for up to five years if they maintain a 2.5 GPA or higher. The selection criteria emphasize connections to communities and contributions to others.

Professional Radiology Technician Trade School Organizations

  • ASRT
  • SMRT
  • ACR


American Society of Radiologic Technologists

The ASRT involves the entire radiology technology field. This includes radiologists and radiologist assistants. Many radiology technicians aspire to the technologist assistant and technologist levels. This membership organization offers continuing education, news, and research opportunities. The association promotes professional standards and advocates for the profession and for policies that improve healthcare access.



Society for Magnetic Radiographers and Technologists SMRT

This international society promotes magnetic resonance and radiographic technology. Radiologic technicians that wish to learn more about radiography and MRI practice can get access to education, information, and job opportunities.



American College of Radiology

Students and technicians can join the College as allied health members. The association offers information, education, and analysis of trends, changes, and emerging technology. The College has resources for continuing education and advocacy for the profession including safety and working conditions. For technicians that aspire to become radiologists or engage in other occupations in the related technology fields, the College can offer education, insights, and information.

Choosing an Accredited Radiology Technician Vocational School

University Headquarters recommends The Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT) as the source of accreditation for radiology programs. The JRCERT is a U.S. Department of Education approved agency for radiology programs accreditation. The JRCERT list of accredited vocational schools, colleges, and universities is an excellent approach to finding accredited radiology technician training and education.

Federal student funding is a further advantage of attending an accredited school. The US Department of Education supports student financial assistance programs at accredited institutions. Accreditation by a DOE-approved agency opens the door for federal student loans, grants, and scholarships.

Online vs. On-Campus vs. Hybrid

Today, students seeking an online associate or bachelor’s degree in radiology can attend on-campus, online, or a mix of both types. Online education is accessible to millions of people that cannot or prefer not to participate in classes on a traditional school or college setting. Online education is flexible and typically more affordable than community college or traditional four-year, on-campus education.

Additional Questions

Does the Vocational School Have Post Graduate Job Placement Assistance?

University Headquarters rates post-graduate job placement assistance as an essential part of a comprehensive education program. Vocational education must prepare students to enter the workforce in their area of training. The school has an ideal position to assess the student and promote their efforts for early career development.

Why You Need to Consider the Overall National Rankings of the School and The Effects on Your Career or Salary

School rankings affect salary and career advancements because they can expand the range of job choices for the graduate. School ranking reflects things that concern employers. For example, many school rankings consider graduation rates, retention rates, and the average salary of recent graduates. Employers wish to see schools that take carefully select students, have low drop-out rates, and send graduates off to high paying jobs. To employers, these are signs of high-quality education.

When graduates have a wide range of job choices, they can select high-pay and satisfying jobs. When employers have expectations that graduates can meet their expectations, they extend attractive offers. The overall rankings of a school impact the careers and job choices of recent grads.

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