What Does a Career in Systems Engineering Entail?
System engineers must design and manage complex systems over their complete life cycles. They make sure to consider all aspects of a project or system and integrate it into a greater environment. A career in systems engineering can be challenging and adventurous. Systems engineering is a process of discovery. Their focus is to create a system that goes on continuously and experiences little to no errors. In systems engineering, the process begins with an investigation to find the actual cause of difficulty or source of a malfunction. They then must solve the problem and reduce the risks of the worst failures.
Engineering Degrees & Career Paths
Components of A Successful Career in Systems Engineering
- Technical capabilities are essential for a successful system engineering career; system engineers must have an acumen for computer hardware, software, and software systems.
- Business skills are in the mix of capabilities that system engineers must possess for success. Many solutions must work within frameworks of a private or public enterprise. System engineers must build value into their work.
- Communications skills play an important role in work with customers, colleagues, and members of other disciplines that must assist in the given project or activity. Systems engineering often must connect other processes and functions into smoothly integrated systems.
- Interpersonal relations are important for a successful system engineering career. Unlike most engineering fields, system engineering is customer focused. The systems engineer must solve a problem or build a solution for a customer’s needs.
- Creativity is the sense that connects the other senses and inspires innovative approaches. System engineers must think outside of the box and use insight.
How to Become a Systems Engineer
- Get a baccalaureate degree in systems, industrial, or software engineering
- Get work experience as a supervised intern or apprentice
- Apply for jobs; for growth through experience
- Get a master’s degree for growth through education or specialization
Typical Systems Engineering Degree Options
An Associate's Degree in Systems Engineering is a 60-to-70- hour curriculum that students can complete in two or three years. The degree can open technical or supervised opportunities in systems management technology.
A Bachelor’s Degree in Systems Engineering is the entry-level for most positions in the field. The course of study often includes internships and about 125 to 135 semester hours of study.
A Master’s Degree in Systems Engineering is a 30 credit-hour course of study that students can complete in one or two years. Many programs require a capstone project or thesis.
Typical Systems Engineering Certifications Needed
INCOSE provides systems engineering professional certifications at three levels. They offer a basic associate certification, a middle range Certified Systems Engineering Professional Certificate, and a top rating called the Expert Systems Engineering Professional Certificate. These certifications measure experience, competence, and the extent to which a professional has the training and ability to act independently as an expert in the field.
Academic Standards for a Systems Engineering Degree
The required level of academic achievement for an associate or bachelor’s degree is a high school diploma or a GED. In competitive admissions, students with high academic achievement in math and science would have an advantage. Generally, students should take the SAT or ACT exams to demonstrate that they have a suitable background for college-level study.
The Master’s degree in systems engineering requires a bachelor’s degree in systems or a related category of engineering such as industrial engineering or manufacturing engineering.
Exam/Experience Needed for a Systems Engineering Degree
The systems engineering curriculum typically includes an internship or other type of supervised practical instruction. Employers value practical experience, and many bachelor's degree and master’s degree graduates begin by working in teams or collaborations.
The master’s degree can require a thesis or a capstone project to demonstrate the ability to apply the coursework in real-world settings.
Important Questions to Ask
How long does it take to earn a Systems Engineering bachelor’s degree online?
The Bachelor of Science in Systems Engineering is a four-year degree program at most schools and colleges. Some schools offer a combination of the bachelor of science and the master of science degrees. The curriculum may easily extend to five years to accommodate internships and other types of practical and supervised work experience. When attending on a part-time basis, online students may take longer than four years, and this may be the best balance between education, employment, business obligations, or other situations.
Online students may be able to shorten the time required by taking an additional course each semester and adding courses during the summer recess. Some online schools may reduce required and general education courses by competency testing.
How much does a Systems Engineering bachelor’s degree cost?
The costs of a four-year degree include tuition, room and board, books, and incidental expenses. The annual total of these expenses can be multiplied by four to estimate the total cost range for a four-year engineering degree. Additionally, the estimate should consider the differences in price and fee structure for private colleges and universities versus their public counterparts. Public schools also charge different rates for in-state students than for out-of-state students.
The cost ranges for a four-year systems engineering bachelor’s degree range from $85- $195,000. When adding room and board, tuition, books, and incidental expenses, the average is the range of $190,000 for private schools, $160,000 at public schools for out-of-state students, and approximately $85,000 for in-state students at public schools.
Does the school have the major(s) you’re considering?
Systems engineering is a multidisciplinary form of engineering. The systems engineering degree program may often co-exist with industrial engineering or engineering management. Because schools often use different labels, students must examine the course content and expected results to determine if the program meets their expectations.
Systems engineers are at the center of successful computer-based management systems. They must analyze the potential complexity and the risks. From concept, design, to architecture, systems engineers must analyze and test systems to determine that they achieve their intended goals. These talented professionals must be able to understand customer needs and provide a product that works well for the end-user.
How many students graduate “on time,” in four years?
The national trend has moved significantly towards longer terms of undergraduate attendance. As students reduce semester loads and attend part-time in higher numbers, the average on-time graduation rate has shifted to 150% of the on-time mark. This means that many students aren’t graduating until their sixth year.
|Type of School||4-Year Graduation Rate||6-Year Graduation Rate|
What kind of accreditation does the program hold? How is it regarded in the field?
Accreditation is essential to the value of a degree and college-level coursework.
Accredited schools and programs provide value not found in non-accredited education. University HQ recommends that students carefully assess the accreditation status of any school they might select. Regional or national accreditation of the entire school is an excellent first step in the search.
Federal student financial aid depends on accreditation. Schools may not participate in federal student loans programs unless accredited by an authorized accreditation agency. Every accreditation is not acceptable to the federal student loan program. Students can determine appropriate national and regional accreditation at the Department of Education College Scorecard website.
The ABET is a leading program accreditation agency for engineering and computer science-based fields of study. An ideal combination for system engineer studies is an ABET program certification and regional accreditation of the entire institution.
The reputation and respect given the program in the business and educational communities is a factor in the value of a degree. Among the factors that support reputation are the graduation rates and the success rates of graduates in getting high paying jobs in their fields. In the field of system engineering, there are fewer traditional factors in play. The entire field is relatively new and it is growing as innovation drives greater complexity into government and business systems.
Software, Technology & Skills Needed
Computer science fundamentals are the building blocks for system engineering. Because of the extent that they work with machine-type environments, they must understand materials and heat dynamics. The broad reach of systems assignments suggests that systems engineers need a strong foundation in management, ethics, writing, and communications.
System design, critical thinking, and problem-solving are more important in systems engineering than in related fields because systems work requires communicating across many lines. Engineers must work with clients that may sometimes have little technical knowledge. System work requires working with advanced technical experts in many fields.
Systems Engineering Fields of Study
- Mechanical engineering applies physics, engineering, and materials science to analyze, develop, or design machine-based systems.
- Software engineering is for applications or systems development. This field studies design, development, and testing of software and systems.
- Engineering project management is the study of strategies and tools to successfully oversee projects. The skills include planning, scheduling, value management, procurement, and project management.
The associate degree is a two-year program that can introduce students to the field of systems engineering. The two-year course is not an entry-level engineering degree; the associate level uses related subfields like industrial/systems engineering, network systems engineer, or network engineer. These courses equip students to work as assistants and technicians. They learn principles of engineering, systems management, and problem-solving in technical environments.
- Economic Decision Analysis
- Properties of Materials
- Computational Thinking and Programming
Systems engineering is the leading growth field in engineering because it touches nearly everything. Systems are part of the infrastructure of business and government and the design, construction, maintenance, and care they require comes from systems engineers. Integrative systems is the broader field, and many schools house their systems engineering program in the broader category of integrative systems and design.
- Introduction to Systems Architecture
- Engineering Development and Verification of System Design Requirements
- Concept Development and Embodiment Design
The master’s degree in systems engineering equips students to use mathematics, science, and engineering to create, develop, and evaluate complex systems. System engineers understand the life cycle stages of concept, manufacture, operation, and retirement. The end note for the master’s degree in system engineering is either a master’s thesis or a system engineering master’s project.
- Management of Systems Projects
- System Design and Integration
- System Test and Evaluation
Concentrations for a Systems Engineering Degree: Software Systems, Project Management, Modeling and Simulation, Cybersecurity, and Human-centric Systems.
Degree Level Tuition Cost Range Total Costs Range
|Degree Level||Tuition||Total Costs|
|Degree Level||Tuition||Total Costs|
|public school, in-state||$10,000||$21,000|
|public school, out-of-state||$26,000||$37,000|
|Degree Level||Tuition||Total Costs|
|Private Schools average||$30,000||$42,000|
|Public Schools average||$9,000||$19,000|
Careers & Salaries for Systems Engineering Grads
Work experience is a proven factor in annual salary. Experienced workers have a significant advantage in wages over their less experienced colleagues. Experience has the additional effect of opening up new classifications or positions for experienced employees. The national employment data shows a steady climb in salary for the great majority of occupational classifications based on experience.
A survey by LinkedIn of its membership demonstrated the accuracy of the Bureau of Labor Statistics findings. Linked in showed a direct relationship between median annual salary and education level. Education also has a dramatic impact on lifetime earnings, and degrees also open new occupations and leadership roles.
Education Level & Average Median Compensation
|Education Level||Secondary Education||Associate’s Degree||Bachelor’s Degree||Master’s Degree||Research Doctorate|
|Average Median Compensation||$51,500||$57,100||$79,800||$87,700||$94,100|
Systems Engineering Median Salaries by Occupation
Annual Median Salary by Occupation
|Senior Systems Administrator||$72,000||$79,700||$90,900|
|Systems Engineering Manager||$95,100||$112,560||$148,700|
|Engineering Project Manager||$71,100||$86,500||$108,900|
|Systems Engineer, IT||$65,100||$75,300||$91,700|
|Aerospace Systems Engineer||$73,100||$91,700||$123,600|
Occupation Median Salary
|Engineering Project Manager||$89,200|
|Aerospace Systems Engineer||$80,000|
Systems Engineering Scholarships
HENAAC Scholars - Corporate- Government Scholarships
Deadline: Applications open in January
The goal of the program is to increase the numbers of STEM scholars, engineers, and scientists in the US. The program also focuses on increasing the numbers of under-represented groups in the STEM fields. The HENAAC offers three categories: The Corporate and Government sponsors, the Recognition awards, and the Memorial awards.
Women Techmakers Scholarship
Amount: Up to $10,000
Deadline: December 6
The Women Techmakers Scholarship program awards up to $10,000 per student. The scholarship supports studies in computer science, computer engineering, or a closely related field. The program and its awardees must promote leadership for increasing the role of women in the computer science fields. Eligible students must be enrolled or plan to enroll at an accredited college or university for the upcoming school year. They must be enrolled or accepted for a bachelor, masters, or Ph.D. program in the US or Canada. Application dates for the 2020 school year will be announced.
Generation Google Scholarships
The application period for the next open school year (2020) will be announced. Eligible students will be enrolled or about to enroll in an accredited college or university. System engineering is an eligible subject as the program invites student applicants that pursue degrees in computer science, computer engineering, or a closely related technical field. The Generation Google scholarships help members of historically under-represented groups.
INCOSE Foundation Scholarships
Amount: 1,500-$5,000, $50,000 (2 Awards), $75,000 (1 Award)
Deadline: June 5
The Foundation supports and promotes the International Science Fair. Students can win prizes of $5,000, $2,500, and $1,500 for prize finishes in research and science demonstration categories. The grand awards are for $75,000(1 award) and $50,000 (2 awards). The Society for Science and the Public conducts the International Science Fair for pre-college students pursuing STEM careers including system engineering. The prizes total about $5 million in all.
The Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation
Amount: Up to $7,500 (300 Awards)
Deadline: Last Friday in January
The Goldwater Scholarship Program is an old and prestigious national scholarship. The program awards funds to US students in the natural sciences, engineering, and mathematics. The scholarship committee seeks to identify and support outstanding college sophomores and juniors that show potential for future leadership. The Goldwater scholar selection criteria focus on the student’s commitment to research or another type of career in the natural sciences, mathematics, or engineering. The committee looks for character traits that reflect intellectual curiosity for sciences, mathematics, engineering, and research.
The scholarship supports students pursuing two or four-year degrees in the natural sciences and engineering. The program awards 300 scholarships of up to $7,500 for each student and for each year of attendance in undergraduate education for up to four years. Eligibility depends on nomination and endorsement by a qualified representative of the scholarship program.
Institute of Industrial & Systems Engineers
This membership organization promotes industrial and systems engineering professionals and the fields of industrial and systems engineering. Featuring communities such as healthcare, manufacturing, and systems management, the IISE answers many demands for higher educational standards, ethics, and improvements in education and training. Students can join this organization and take advantage of information resources, educational programs, and conferences. The IISE focuses on industrial and systems engineering and best practices.
International Council on Systems Engineering
INCOSE is a leading organization in the field of Integrative design and engineering. The organization provides current events in news and magazine of information for members. The overall direction of INCOSE is to address complex societal and technical problems through the support of successful system engineering techniques. The organization sponsors the honor society for student system engineers and offers useful certifications. INCOSE offers students opportunities for learning from thought leaders, networking with established professionals, and participating in state-of-the-art demonstration projects.
The Society of Automotive Engineers
The Society of Automotive Engineers plays a key role in setting standards for products and procedures. SAE has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with INCOSE to improve the state of systems engineering practices. The organizations cooperate on a Future of Systems Engineering Initiative (FUSE). Students can get involved with SAE and engage in the process of assessing industry standards and authoring changes, modification, and improvements.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
The IEEE promotes technology and innovation that can improve societies and benefit humanity. It works with computers, electronics, and electric systems an all related professions and occupations. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is a large membership organization that began in the era of electricity and continued through the electronics and computer generations. The IEEE now includes computer scientists, software developers, physicist, medical experts, and systems professionals. Students can engage thought leaders and take advantage of educational resources.
Sigma Theta Mu
This is the systems engineering honor society. The society represents professionals and students in systems engineering and systems related disciplines. Formed by INCOSE, this society awards model students for outstanding academic performance and contributions to the systems engineering profession. Students inducted into the society must demonstrate superior academic performance. Membership also includes access to study materials for the INCOSE systems engineering certification examinations.
Choosing an Accredited College
University HQ recommends selecting an accredited school and an accredited engineering program. The best advantages come with ABET-accredited engineering programs at a regionally accredited college or university. Credit hours earned at such institutions will have universal acceptance. Employers can rely upon this accreditation as assurance of high-quality education. Financing can depend on accreditation. Many scholarships ask for attendance at accredited schools. Some engineering scholarships specifically request ABET-accredited programs.
Online vs. On-Campus vs. Hybrid
Online education offers flexibility. Online students can participate in classroom work when convenient. With online access, students can take coursework any time of the day and from any location with an Internet connection. Online education is an excellent choice for students that have jobs or businesses that they prefer to keep while attending college.
On-campus education is traditional class and lecture hall learning. Students gather at the same place and time to learn and participate. This type of learning is called synchronous education. Online courses are the opposite, they are asynchronous, and students can earn on their own schedules.
Hybrid programs combine on-campus and online education. Some schools require some on-campus attendance while others have degree programs entirely completed online. Hybrid programs can come from students that wish to take as many courses on-campus as necessary or possible while completing the balance online.
Does the College Have Post-Graduate Job Placement Help & Assistance?
University HQ places priority on job placement and career assistance. The school and the entire community of alumni, business partners, supporters, and affiliates can help students find jobs and career opportunities. University HQ suggests students examine the level of resources that the school provides for career counseling, internships, jobs, and interview preparation.
Schools with high rates of graduate success often have extensive programs to reach out to employers and support a vigorous level of recruitment at the school. The system engineering occupation has excellent prospects for growth and higher employment levels. An extensive job placement and assistance program can help students reach their potential.
Why You Need to Consider the Overall National Rankings of the College and The Effects on Your Career or Salary
Rankings can affect salary is some indirect ways. High rankings can open the range of employers that recruit from a given school. High rankings also reflect factors of concern to employers. For example, many rankings emphasize graduate success, graduation rates, and retention rates. To many employers, signs of high-quality education include grads find high paying jobs, high rates of on-time graduations, and low drop-out rates.
Rankings should not replace the primary reasons to select schools such as accreditation, a well-suited faculty for system engineering, and a learning environment that suits your preferences. Rankings are not good predictors of the student experience, and student success is more important to the career path than school rankings. When a selection process yields two or more seemingly equal choices, then students can safely give more weight to rankings as a decision factor.