What is Cyber Security?
A cyber security specialist is a high-tech professional who works exclusively on protecting the networks and databases under their watch. There are many sub-specialties within cyber security such as cryptography, network security, database encryption, security architecture, and more. There are also so-called white hat hackers who put systems to the test when they attempt to hack them.
Cyber security experts are found working in a variety of workplaces and many go to work for state or federal law enforcement agencies. The Department of Homeland Security and National Security Agency even team up to accredit cyber security degree programs at the community college and university level. There are also cyber security specialists who work for private enterprises. Since hackers are now sometimes holding medical records hostage, healthcare systems are in dire need of cyber security experts at every level.
The cyber security world is also full of independent consultants. Penetration testers, also known as white hat hackers, are known to work as consultants since this outside approach best mimics how cyber-criminals operate.