What is Cyber Security?
Identifying a specific list of typical responsibilities for cyber security specialists can be challenging because so many different industries rely on their expertise. This makes the degree quite valuable, but also means job descriptions can vary quite significantly – often based on the size and type of employer. Graduates should review requirements and expectations carefully before submitting applications.
Despite differences in job titles and responsibilities, most cyber security specialists play vital roles in maintaining societal safety. In most cases, this means performing tasks related to protecting data, devices, and networks from criminal activity by preventing access to unapproved entities. Examples include ensuring social media platforms are secure and protecting sensitive correspondence in the workplace. These professionals may also take steps to stop and catch criminals seeking to misuse network accounts and data. Much of their time is spent monitoring networks for security breaches, investigating violations, installing/utilizing firewall and data encryption software, and preparing reports documenting security issues and the damage they caused. Other common responsibilities might include conducting penetration testing, researching information technology trends, developing security standards, and recommending potential enhancements to stakeholders. Additionally, cyber security specialists act to combat threats like malware, password theft, traffic interception, phishing, social engineering, and ransomware.